JAVA is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming lanugage developed by Sun MIcrosystems of USA in 1991. Originally called Oak by James Gosling, one of the inventors of the language.
The goal had a strong impact on the development team to make the language simple, portanble and highly reliable. The JAVA team which included Patrick naughton discovered that the existing lanugages like C and C++ had limitations in terms of both reliability and portability.
However,they modelled their new language JAVA on C and C++ but removed a number of features of C and C++ that were considered as sources of problems and thus made JAVA a really simple, reliable,portable and powerful language.